Infertility is the inability of a couple to achieve pregnancy after a year of unprotected intercourse, especially if the woman is less than 35 years old. Infertility makes no distinctions. It concerns both women and men. It is for this reason that both partners need to take active participation in the diagnosis and treatment. Around 40% of the infertility cases are attributed to women, 40% to men and 20% to both of them. If, however, the woman is older than 35, it is advisable to see her doctor after six months of unsuccessful attempts for pregnancy.
Diagnosis and treatment of infertility
At the couple’s first visit, both the female and male partners are examined and a complete medical history is taken, where all previous fertility or other treatments should be mentioned. In this way, the diagnosis is established and further tests are decided which will determine the best treatment for the couple individually. The choice of treatment will be affected by:
- duration of infertility
- previous assisted reproduction treatments, if any.
Finally, the existing methods of assisted reproduction will be explained (ovarian induction, Intrauterine insemination – IUI, Fallopian tube sperm perfusion – FSP, Intrautero-tubo-peritoneal insemination IUTPI – Standard IVF, Micromanipulation ICSI), as well as the success rate of each method.