In around 11 – 30% of women with infertility problems, their condition is caused by a fallopian tube – peritoneal factor. Abnormalities in the fallopian tubes may arise by:
- A pelvic inflammation (Chlamydia trachomatis)
- A previous surgical pelvic operations (lower pelvis) and the uterus (inflammatory abortions or inflammatory miscarriages).
The above may result in: pelvic adhesions, obstructed fallopian tubes, hydrosalpinges which may cause lasting pelvic pain and/or pain during intercourse (dyspareunia).
The abnormalities in the fallopian tube – peritoneal area may be detected by: Hysterosalpingogram, which is performed 2 or 3 days after the end of the period and laparoscopy, which could be diagnostic and/or therapeutic.